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廉润南粤 | 刘安世: 敢于直谏“殿上虎” 气节凛然“真铁汉”
发表时间: 2019-06-12 15:14:55       信息类型: 廉政文化

FENGJIANWANGCHAOZHONG,YOUJUZHEIYANGDEHUA: “BANJUNRUBANHU”,YIJIZAIHUANGDISHENBIANRENZHIFEITONGXUNCHANG,YIBUXIAOXINBIANKENENGREHUOSHANGSHEN。TEBIESHIJIANFUGUIJIANHUANGDI、JIUDANBAIGUANZHONGRENDEJIANGUAN,RUHEZAIQUANLIZHONGSHUYONGBAOLINLINQIJIEHELEILUOXIONGHUAI,JIANCHIZHONGYANZHIJIAN、BURUSHIMINGNI?

HUOXU,RENMENKEYICONGBEISONGZHUMINGJIANGUANLIUANSHI(1048–1125)DESHENSHANGZHAODAODAAN。《SONGSHI·LIUANSHICHUAN》YOUZAI,TADANGMIANXIANGHUANGDIHUIBAOZOUYI、ZHENGLUNZHENGSHISHI,YUDAOTIANZISHENGNUYESIHAOBUJU,ERSHISHOUZHISHUJIAN,JINGLIYIPANG,DENGQINUQISHAOJIAN,ZAIXINGFUZOU。YINCI,LIUANSHIBEIZUNCHENGWEI“DIANSHANGHU”,ZHONGRENWUBUJINGWEI。

刘安世像。简仁山 作

LIUANSHIDENGSHANGLISHIWUTAISHI,YISHIBEISONGHOUQI。SONGSHENZONGSHIQI“XININGBIANFA”SUOYINFADEXINJIUDANGZHENG,ZHUJIANPIANLILESAOCHUJIBI、MOUQIUZHONGXINGDECHUZHONG,LUNWEIBUTONGPAIXIZHIJIANZHENGQUANDUOLIDECANLIENEIDOU。ERLIUANSHIYISHENGKESHOUYIGE“CHENG”ZI,WEIRENCHENGSHIZHONGXIN,LIANZHENGGANGYI,BUWEILIYISHUSONGSUOLONGLUO,BUWEIQIANGQUANWEIBIERQUFU,YINCHUNUQUANCHENERBUDUANZAODAOBIANZHE。BEISONGGUANCHANGRENRENBIZHIBUJIDE“BAZHOUEDI”,LIUANSHIJIUYINBIANGUANQUGUOQIZHONGQICHU。ZAIMEIZHOU(JINGUANGDONGMEIZHOU),TASHENZHIYIDUZAODAOANSHADEWEIXIE,QUERENGJIUDANKANSHENGSI,KUIRANBUDONG,YINGDELESUDONGPOKOUZHONG“ZHENTIEHAN”ZHIZANYU。

以“诚”立身 言行一致

五分赛车平台 LIUANSHI,ZIQIZHI,HAOYUANCHENG,CHUSHENGYUDAMINGFUYUANCHENG(JINHEBEIDAMING)YIGESHIHUANJIATING,FUQINLIUHANGYUSIMAGUANGSHITONGNIANJINSHI,CENGRENYUCHENG、XIPUZHIXIAN,KUANMENGBINGYONG,POYOUZHIJI。LIUHANGCENGSHOUCHAOTINGPAIQIANQIANWANGXIXIACEFENGXIXIAGUOZHULIBINGCHANG,FANSHIANLIZENGJISHIZHEDEBAODAI、MINGMA,YIGAITUICIBUSHOU。HUICHAOHOU,TAZAI《YURONGSHU》ZHONGJIESHICHENG,ZIJIKONGWEIDUIFANGDEFENGHOUKUIZENGSUOWUDAO,GUER“BUKEBUJIE。”

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XININGLIUNIAN(1073),LIUANSHIDENGJINSHIDI,DANCHURENYILIAODESHI,TAXUANZELECIGUANBUJIU,GENSUIDANGCHAOSURUSIMAGUANGQIANXINXIUXUE,SHUNIANHOUCAICHUSHIWEIGUAN。QIUXUEQIJIAN,LIUANSHICENGXIANGLAOSHIQINGJIAOLISHENXINGSHIDEYAOJUE,SIMAGUANGYIYIGE“CHENG”ZIZUODA,BINGJIAODAOTACONG“BUWANGYU”(BUSHUOJIAHUA)KAISHI。(CANJIAN《SONGSHI》BENCHUAN)

五分赛车平台 BUSHUOJIAHUA,TINGQILAISIHUBINGFEINANSHI,DANCHUSHESHITUDELIUANSHIQUEFAXIAN,RICHANGSUOXINGYUSUOYAN,“ZIXIANGCHEZHOUMAODUNZHEDUOYI”。YUANFENGNIANJIAN,LIUANSHIDIAORENMINGZHOU(SHUHEBEIXILU,JINHEBEIYONGNIANYIDAI)SIFACANJUN。DANGDIYOUYIGECHOUMINGZHAOZHUDETANGUAN,ZHUANYUNSHIWUSHOULIYOUYIJICHACIREN,XIANGLIUANSHIXUNWENYIJIAN。QICHU,TAHUANGCHENGBUZHIQING,SUIHOUYOUNEIJIUBUAN,SHENGANZIJIMEIYOUCHENGSHIYIDUI、KUIDUISIMAGUANGDEJIAOHUI。CIHOU,LIUANSHIYUFAJINYANSHENXING,QINIANHOUCAIZHENZHENGWUTONG“CHENG”DEHANYI,DADAOLE“YANXINGYIZHI,BIAOLIXIANGYING”,CONGCI“YUSHITANRAN,CHANGYOUYUYU。”(SONG·HANGUAN《LIUXIANSHENGTANLU》)

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ZHENGYINRUCI,SIMAGUANGYILIUANSHI“CAIERZIHUI,YUANERYOULI,LIXUEXIUJI,TIANYUJINQU”(QIANXUNNEILIAN,GONGJINJIANDING,DECAIJIANBEI,ANFENSHOUJI)WEIYOU,TUIJIANQICHONGRENGUANGEZHIXUAN(SONG·SIMAGUANG《CHUANJIAJI》)。YUANYOUSANNIAN(1088),LIUANSHIYOUZAILVGONGZHUDETUIJIANXIA,CHURENYOUZHENGYANYIZHI,ZICIJISHENJIANGUANZHILIE。

公正廉明 尽职尽言

五分赛车平台 《JINSHU》YOUYUN: “GUZHIJUNZI,RUZEZHIXIAOYUQIN,CHUZEZHIJIEYUGUO。”JIANGUANZHIZETESHU,YIDANCHUWUQUANGUI,HUOYANGLIZHI,SHENZHILEIJIJIAREN,NEIMEHEYIJIANGU“GUO”YU“JIA”、“ZHONG”YU“XIAO”NI?

五分赛车平台 LIUANSHIZAIJIEDAOJIANGUANRENMINGZHICHU,JIUCENGWEICIYOUXIN,YIDUDASUANYIZHAOLIAOMUQINDEMINGYIQINGCI。ZHEISHI,LIUMUGAOSUERZI,JIANGUANWEI“TIANXIAZHENGCHEN”,DEDAOZHEIGEZHIWEIDEREN,BUXIXINGMINGYEYAOBAOXIAOGUOJIA,TANGRUOYIHOUHUOZUILIUFANG,WULUNYUANJIN,TADOUYUANYIGENSUIZUOYOU。MUQINDESHENMINGDAYIDUIYULIUANSHIXINRANLINGMINGQIDAOLEGUANJIANXINGDEZUOYONG,YECHENGWEITARIHOUGANYU“MIANZHETINGZHENG”(DANGMIANZHICHUTARENGUOSHI,ZAICHAOTINGSHANGJULILIZHENG)DEYONGQIZHIYUAN。(CANJIAN《SONGSHI》BENCHUAN)

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“FAZHISUOXING,ZIGUIZHESHI。”LIUANSHICUNSHIDEZOUSHUZHONG,XUDUODOUYUPENGJIDAGUANXIANGUIYOUGUAN。BEISONGZHONGHOUQI,CHAOZHONGGAOGUANJUJIANZIDIQINYOU“ZOUJIEJING”BACHIYAOZHIDEXIANXIANGYURANCHENGFENG,LIUANSHIDUOCISHANGZOUBIAOSHIFANDUI。TASHENGCHENG,RUGUOCHAOTINGJIXUBUJIAFENBIANDIZHUORENGUANYUANMENTUIJIANDERENXUAN,BUJINHUIBAIHUAILIZHI,SHIDEGUANCHANGFENGQIGENGJIAFUZAO,HAIHUIZHUZHANGYIQUANMOUSIDEJIYUZHIXIN,ZUIZHONGSUNHAIGUOJIALIYI。YINCI,JIBIANSHIDUIWENYANBODENG“QIDEKUIJIU”(YOUDAODEXUEWENDENIANZHANGJIUCHEN)SHOUYUQINQIGUANZHIZHISHI,TAYEYILVJUSHISHANGZOU,DANHEBUHUI。

QUANCHENZHANGDUNYIERZIDEMINGYI,QIANGXINGJIANJIAGOUMAIMINTIAN。ZHENDUICISHI,LIUANSHILIANSHANGSHIYIDAOZOUYI,SHOUXIANJILIEDIPIPINGZHANGDUNZUOWEISHEJIDACHEN,BUJINMEIYOUYISHENZUOZE、“FENGFAXUNLI”,HAIZHIFAFANFA,YIGUANQIMIN,YIYANZHONGSUNHAICHAOTINGXINGXIANG;JINJIANHOU,YINWEICHAOTINGZHISHIYUYIQINGFA,LIUANSHIYOUJIXUSHANGJIAN,BIAOSHITANGRUODUIGUANYUANYOUSUOBAOBI,HEYIWEIHUFALVQUANWEI、XIANSHICHENGJIEZHILI?TAQINGQIUCHAOTINGDUIYUCILEIXINGWEIYINGYANCHENGBUDAI,YI“SHAOZHENGGUOTI”,CONGERLING“TIANXIAXINFU”。

五分赛车平台 HOULAI,LIUANSHIBEITIBAWEIZUOJIANYIDAFU。DANGSHI,SONGZHEZONGHAIMEIXUANLIHUANGHOU,MINJIANCHUANYANGONGZHONGZHENGQIUBINV。LIUANSHIBIANSHANGSHUQUANJIANXIAOHUANGDI,CHENNIANQINGYAOQINYANJINGSHI,DUOXIANGDACHENXUEXIGUJINZHILUANZHIDAO,BUYAOCHENNIYUNVSE。ZHEZONGFUSHOUBUYU,GAOTAIHOUZHIHAOHUIFUCHENGBINGWUCISHI、CHUNSHUYAOCHUAN。

《SONGSHI》BENCHUANCHENG,LIUANSHI“YIZHUANGKUISHUO,YINTURUZHONG”,“ZAIZHILEISUI,ZHENGSELICHAO,FUCHIGONGDAO。”LIUANSHIRENWEI,“JIANLUANFAZHICHENERBUNENGZHENG”,BIANSHIGUFULE“ZHISHIDANGRAN”DEZERENGANHECHICHENGDEBAOGUOZHIZHI。(《JINYANJI》)YUTATONGSHIDAIDEXUEZHEWANGTAOZAI《JINYANJIBA》ZHONGZHEIYANGPINGJIALIUANSHI: “YANGUANZHIKAIMO,FUBIZHIGUIJIAN,QINGSHIDAFUZHIYAOSHI”。

不受利诱 不惧威逼

五分赛车平台 YUANYOUBANIAN(1093),GAOTAIHOUQUSHI,SONGZHEZONGQINZHENG,QIYONGZHANGDUNWEIXIANG,GAIGEPAIZHONGXINDEDAOZHONGYONG,JIUDANGSHIRENFENFENZAODAOBAGUANMIANZHI。LIUANSHISHOUCIQIANLIAN,YIZAIZAODAOBIANZHE,HOULAIGENGBEI“TOUHUANG”(LIUFANG)DAQINIANZHIJIU。

SHAOSHENGSINIAN(1097),XINDANGZAITONGWENGUANZHIXINGYU,SHENWENYUANYOUJIUDANGGUANYUAN,SHICHENG“TONGWENGUANZHIYU”。ZHANGDUN、CAIBIANDENGRENCHENJILUOZHIZUIMING,YUJIANGLIUANSHIZHIYUSIDI,XINGERCHANYANWEIBEICAINA,LIUANSHIBEIBIANZHIMEIZHOU(JINGUANGDONGMEIZHOU)。

BIANGUANTUZHONG,ZHANGDUNDENGRENXIANSHIQIANRENYULIUANSHIHUIMIAN,XIEPOQIZISHA,WEINENGDECHENG,YOUMIMOUPAIRENYILUJICHIZHUIZHIMEIZHOU,SIJICISHA。MEIZHOUDIFANGGUANYUANWENXUNTEYIGANLAIBAOXIN,LIUANSHIDANANLINTOU,YIJIUMIANSEBUGAI,YUZHONGRENYINJIUTANXIAO,DANRANSHUOLEYIJU“SIBUNANYI”。TAXUXUXIELEJIYESHUXINJIAOYUPUREN,FENFUZUNZHAOZHIXING,SHANGMIANJIZAIDEDOUSHIYIQIBEIBIAN、YOUSHENGSIZHIYUDETONGLIAODEJIASHI。SUOXINGCIKEOUXUEBAOBI,LIUANSHICAITAOGUOYIJIE。

五分赛车平台 QIANZHEZHANGLIZHIDI,TONGXINGJIARENDADUOSHUITUBUFU,LIUANSHIGUNIAN“SHILAOQINRUYANZHANGZHIDI,YISHIBUXIAO”(SONG·MAYONGQING《YUANCHENGYULUJIE》),BIANNULIRANGZIJIBAOCHISHENTIKANGTAI,YIBIMIANLINGJIARENDANYOU。CIHOU,TAYUFAYANYIZILV,BUJINZHUDONGJIEJIU,GENGZUODAOLE“WEIYOUDUORONG,JIUZUOSHENBUQINGYI,ZUOZIBUCAOSHU,BUHAOSHENGSEHUOLI”。(CANJIAN《SONGSHI》BENCHUAN)

五分赛车平台 ZAIMEIZHOU,LIUANSHICHUANGSHELEDANGDIDIYIJIANSHUYUAN——“MEICHENGSHUYUAN”,QINZIZHAOSHENGSHOUTU,BAZHONGYUANXINGBANJIAOYUDEZUOFAYINRULINGNAN。JUQINGDAIGUANGXUNIANJIAN《GUANGDONGTONGZHI》JIZAI,TAHAIJIANLILEYITAOSHIYONGYUSHUYUANDEGUANLITIXI,CHONGFENFADONGDIFANGXIANDAZHICHI,WEIBANXUEJINGFEITIGONGLAIYUAN,SHIMEIZHOUWENJIAOJIANXING,“SHIXIMINFENGXIRANPIBIAN”。

招生授徒。简仁山 作

LIUANSHIBEIGUIZHIHOU,MEIZHOURENMINJIANGSHUYUANGENGMINGWEI“YUANCHENGSHUYUAN”YISHIJINIAN。ZICI,MEIZHOUXUEFENGZHISHENGQIANNIANBUSHUAI,CHONGWENZHONGJIAO、GENGDUCHUANJIADECHUANTONGSHENZHIYUKEJIAWENHUAZHIZHONG,YUNYULEDAIDAIYINGCAI。

梅州老城区里的元城路。梁时禹 摄

五分赛车平台 WANNIAN,LIUANSHIYICHENGYILANGZHIZHI,ZHILIYUZHIXUECHUANDAO,BINKEYINGMEN,SHIDAFUWANGLAIBUJUE,MINGWANGJIGAO。HUANGUANLIANGSHICHENGZHENGZHIDESHI,SHOUWOSHENGSHAYUDUOZHIQUAN,TAQITUYIGAOGUANHOULU、“WEIZISUNHOUDAIKAOLV”WEILIYOU,QUANYOULIUANSHIGUIFUYUJI。LIUANSHIYUYIJUJUE,BINGXIAOZHESHUO: “WORUGUOTIZISUNKAOLV,BUZHIYULUNLUOZHICILE。WOXIANGYIYIGESHIQUANSHIMEIDE‘QUANREN’SHENFEN,DAOHUANGQUANZHIXIAQUJIANENSHISIMAGUANG。”(CANJIAN《SONGSHI》BENCHUAN)

XUANHEQINIAN(1125),LIUANSHIYUGANDAXIANJIANGZHI,DINGZHUJIARENZANGLICONGJIAN,BUYAOZAILINGJIUZHONGZHIFANGRENHEDONGXI。QUSHIHOU,“SONGFOJINGERKUGONGZHE,RISHUQIANREN”。(SONG·ZHUXI《SONGMINGCHENYANXINGLU》)

“SHENNINGQILIANFENGQUYI,TIEHANDUANRULIUQIZHI。”(QING·YUANCHANG《NANYUANQIANGONGHUAMAGEWEIRONGQUANSHANGSHUZUO》)CONGZHENGWEIGUAN,“CHENG”ZIZHIJIAN,QUEYEZHINAN。LIUANSHIYIQIJIANGZHENHUA、JINZHIYAN、YI“CHENG”FENGGONGDEZHENGZHISHIJIAN,ZHENGSHILE“CHENG”YU“LIAN”DEXIANGTONGZHICHU: ZHIYOUZHENGXINCHENGYI,BINGCHUSIYU,CAINENGZUODAOGONGZHENGLIANMING,QINGFENGTELI;ZHIYOUJINXINJINZE,ZHICHENGERWUWEI,CAINENGBUSHOULIYOU,BUJUWEIBI,JINGDEQICUILIAN。

【评说刘安世】

刘安世之所以为后世称道,正野史各载的一件事足以说明问题。

正史见《宋史·刘安世传》,云其尝从学于司马光,“光教之以‘诚’,且令自不妄语始”。野史见《玉堂嘉话》,载有他的一句话: “说得一丈,不如行取一尺。”这句话出自多人之口,追根溯源的话,大抵要到刘安世这里。

司马光是非常看重“诚”的,他认为: “君子所以感人者,其为诚乎!欺人者不旋踵人必知之,感人者益久,人益信之。”对一个官员而言,“诚意以行之,正心以处之,修身以帅之,则天下国家何为而不治哉?”刘安世继承了老师的这一衣钵,从不说假话、秉公行事做起。诚,对当时相当部分的官员来说,当然是个高不企及的要求。如宋真宗时王钦若每一奏事,“或怀数奏,出其一二,其余皆匿之”。为什么要准备几个版本?因为哪个“己意称圣旨”,才把哪个拿出来。有一次,同事不知是刚发现还是有意要戳穿,当着真宗的面说他: “怀中奏何不尽出之?”

“说得一丈,不如行取一尺”,更加振聋发聩了。谁要是编纂一册从古到今的中国漂亮话大全,必可洋洋大观。刘安世针对的正是那些“天桥把式”,讲起来天花乱坠、唾沫横飞,却是“光说不练”。至于“口谈道义,而身为沽贩;气凌公卿,而利交市井;畜养污贱,而弃远妻孥”,典型说一套做一套的,今天早已冠之以“两面人”,更加可鄙了。刘安世“在职累岁,正色立朝,扶持公道”,尤其“面折廷争”之时,“旁侍者远观,蓄缩悚汗,目之曰‘殿上虎’,一时无不敬慑”。其所践行之“行一尺”,由此可窥一斑。 

“家居未尝有惰容,久坐身不倾倚,作字不草书”,如果说那还只是刘安世的个人修养,那么,“不好声色货利”,就是为官清廉的基础了。晚年时,大权在握而“能生死人”的梁师成,派人前来请他重新出山,以“为子孙计”诱之,他笑了: “吾若为子孙计,不至是矣。”刘安世的这种心态和境界,或令古今多少官员感到汗颜。

——CHAOBAI

(KANZAIYUNANFANGRIBAO2020NIAN6YUE12RIFUKANHAIFENGBANMIANHENANFANG+KEHUDUANPINGTAI)

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