五分赛车平台

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廉润南粤|湛若水: 慎以终始,完节全名
发表时间: 2019-07-18 09:13:02       信息类型: 廉政文化

五分赛车平台 ZAIZENGCHENGXIANQINGHUDOU(JINGUANGZHOUZENGCHENGQUYONGNINGJIE)DETIANCANLINGYIDAI,ZHANGMIANZHEYIWEIZAIGUANGDONGLISHISHANGYOUZHESHENYUANYINGXIANGLIDEXUEZHE——ZHANRUOSHUI。GUMUBANGSHANERLI,ZHUANGYANSUMU,MUBILIANGCETIXIEYOU“SHANDOUBAZUO,ZHENRUQIANZAI”HE“JIUSHIWUNIAN,QUANGUIBUXIU”ZHIKEMING,WUSHENGDISHUSHUOZHEZHEIWEIMINGCHAODARUCONGZHENG、ZHIXUEDEHUIHUANGYISHENG。

ZHANRUOSHUI(1466-1560),ZIYUANMING,HAOGANQUAN,MINGDAIZHUMINGSIXIANGJIA、ZHENGZHIJIA、JIAOYUJIA,WEIMINGDAILINGNANXINXUEKAIPIANZHE、GUANGDONGDARUCHENXIANZHANG(SHICHENGCHENBAISHA)DEYIBOCHUANREN。TAYU“XINXUEJIDACHENGZHE”WANGYANGMINGXIANGJIAOSHENDU,ERRENCENGGONGZHIMINGDAIZHONGYELIXUEJIEZHINIUER,BEISHIRENBINGCHENGWEI“WANGZHANZHIXUE”。ZAIHONGYANGLINGNANXINXUEDETONGSHI,ZHANRUOSHUIZHONGSHENZHILIYUJIANGXUESHOUKE,ZAIWULINGNANBEIGUANGSHESHUYUANJINSISHISUO,PEIYULEYIDAPIWENHUAJINGYING,WEILINGNANWENHUADEFAZHANZUOCHULEJIDAGONGXIAN。

五分赛车平台 YUSHITUBUSHUN、ZHANGQIJUJIAJIANGXUEDECHENXIANZHANGBUTONGDESHI,ZHANRUOSHUIZI40SUIBURUSHITU,ZHI75SUIGAOLAOHAIXIANG,CENGLIRENNANJINGLIBU、LIBU、BINGBUSANBUSHANGSHU,GUANZHIZHENGERPIN。TACHONGSHANGQINGLIANJIANPO,JIANCHIRUJIADEZHIYURENZHENGZHUZHANG,TICHULEXUDUOSHUNYINGSHIDAI、ZHUZHONGMINSHENGDEJUCUO,BINGDUISHECHILANGFEIDENGBULIANGSHEHUILOUXIJISHIYUYIJIUZHENG,DUIDANGSHITANYUHENGLIUDECHAOYEFENGQIQIDAOLEYIDINGDEYUESHUZUOYONG。TAZAIWANNIANCENGSANCIQINGQIUTUIXIUHAIXIANG,JIAJINGHUANGDIQINZIPISHIYUYIWANLIU。ZAITAQUSHIZHIHOU,CHAOTINGJIYULE“SHENYIZHONGSHI,WANJIEQUANMING”DEGAODUPINGJIA。

ZUOWEIGUANGDONGNAIZHIQUANGUOLISHISHANGZUOCHUGUOZHONGDAGONGXIAN、YINGXIANGLIPODADESIXIANGJIA,ZHANRUOSHUIDEXUESHUCHENGJIUJIDAIJINYIBUWAJUE、XUANCHUAN,ERTAZAIJIAOYUYUCONGZHENGJINGLIZHONGSUOCHANGDAODEQINGLIANLINIAN,ZHIJINRENGCHUIFANHOUSHI,YOUQIFARENSHENSHENG。

谢绝馈赠树立公平

五分赛车平台 MINGCHAOCHENGHUAERNIAN(1466),ZHANRUOSHUICHUSHENGZAIGUANGZHOUFUZENGCHENGXIANGANQUANDOU(JINGUANGZHOUZENGCHENGQUXINTANG)SHABEICUNDEYIHUPUTONGNONGJIA。JU《ZENGCHENGXIANZHI》JIZAI,ZHANRUOSHUICONGXIAOXINGGEWENZHONGDUANZHUANG,NIANSHAOSHIJIATINGZAOYUBIANGU,FUQINZAOSANG,TAYOUMUQINCHENSHIFUYANGCHENGZHANG,SHISISUICAIKAISHIRUXUE,SHILIUSUIDAOGUANGZHOUDUSHU。

五分赛车平台 HONGZHIWUNIAN(1492),26SUIDEZHANRUOSHUISHUNLITONGGUOXIANGSHIZHONGJU,KEXICINIANHUISHIBUDI。ZHEISHI,TAMEIYOUXUANZEJIXUBEIKAO,ERSHIQIANWANGJIANGMEN,CONGXUEYU“BAISHAXIANSHENG”CHENXIANZHANG。CHENXIANZHANGSHISHIQIAN,JIANGQIJIANGXUEDECHANGSUO——JIANGMENDIAOTAIZENGYUZHANRUOSHUI,SHIQIWEIZIJIXUESHUSIXIANGDEYIBOCHUANREN。HONGZHISHISANNIAN(1500),CHENXIANZHANGQUSHI,ZHANRUOSHUIZHILISHOUMUZHANGDASANNIAN。

HONGZHISHIBANIAN(1505),LINJINBUHUOZHINIANDEZHANRUOSHUIZAIMUQINDEQUANSHUOXIAZAICICANJIAHUISHIBINGGAOZHONGJINSHI,XUANSHOUWEIHANLINYUANSHUJISHI,HOULAIYOULIRENHANLINYUANBIANXIU、JINGTINGJIANGGUAN、SHIDUDENGZHI,CANYUBIANSHI、ZHUSHU、SHOUZANGSHUJI,YIJIWEIHUANGDIJIANGSHOURUJIAJINGDIANDENGGONGZUO。ZAICIQIJIAN,ZHANRUOSHUIJIELIANXIEXIA《CHURUCHAOYUJIEYOUYISHU》《ZAILUNSHENGXUESHU》《JIANGHOUSHU》DENGZHANGSHU,QUANJIEHUANGDIYAO“JIEYOUYI”“QINZHENGQINXIAN”,SHIXINGRENZHENG,PINGJIE“CHENG”ZHIJINGSHENKEFU“SIYU”,YITUTAIPINGZHIYE。

ZHENGDEQINIAN(1512),ZHANRUOSHUISHOUCHAOTINGZHIPAI,CHUSHIANNANGUO(JINYUENAN),ZHIXINGCEFENGANNANWANGDERENWU。LINBIESHI,ANNANGUOWANGYIJINBIDENGLIWUSIXIAXIANGZENG,ZHANRUOSHUIWANYANXIEJUE,BINGZUO《CIANNANGUOZENGWUDUI》YIWENZUOWEIHUIFU。ZAIWENZHONG,TASHUODAO: “ZENGSONGJINYINCAIWUJITAREN,BURUZENGSONGZHENYANGULI。GUOWANGJIYIZENGYAN,YOUHEXULINGWAIKUIZENGJINWU?”TAZHIGONGWUSIDESHIJIYISHIJIANCHUANWEIJIAHUA,SHENDERENXIN。

JIAJINGSANNIAN(1524),ZHANRUOSHUISHENGRENNANJINGGUOZIJIANJIJIU,JIMINGDAIJIAOYUGUANLIJIGOUDEZUIGAOZHANGGUAN。TARENWEIDAXUEZUOWEI“XIANGUANZHIDI”,BIXUYANMINGXUEGUI,JINYIBUWANSHANGUOZIJIANGUANLIZHIDU。ZAI《SHENMINGXUEGUISHU》(LEISIYUJINRIGAIJINDAXUEJIAOXUEGUANLIYIJIAN)ZHONG,TATEYICHENSHU“LIUSHI”,DUIDANGSHIJIAOYUZHIDUSHANGCUNZAIDEYIXIEBIDUANYUYIZHENGZHI。

RUZAI“SHIDAGONGYIFUSHENGTU”YITIAOZHONG,ZHANRUOSHUIZHICHU,YOUXUESHENGYINPINFUCHAJUERZAOYULEQUBIEDUIDAI,QIZHONG“YOUSHILIZHE”WANGWANGNENGHUODEYOUXIANXUANZEDEQUANLI。YINCI,TATICHANGYAOSHULIGONGPINGGONGZHENGDEBANXUEYUANZE,BUXUXUNSIWUBI,YINGYI“DAGONGZHIFA”,YISHITONGRENDIJIAOYUXUESHENG。

五分赛车平台 WENZHONGHAIYOUYITIAO“SHUCAIZHANGYIBEIQISHI”,JIZHENDUIGUOZIJIANZAIZHIRENYUANJIANLIYIDINGDEKAOHEZHIDU,DUIDEXINGDAOYIJUJIAZHICAIJINXINGJUJIAN,DUIJIAGONGJISI、TANWUSHOUHUIZHIRENZEYAOJINXINGCHENGFA,CONGERDADAO“XIANCAIZIXING,SHANZHENGZIJU,FENGSURICHUN”DEXIAOGUO。

身体力行杜绝奢靡

五分赛车平台 MINGCHAOJIAJINGNIANJIAN,CHAOZHENGZHUBUFUBAI,HUANGQIGUIZU、GUANFUHAOQIANGDASIJIANBINGTUDI、HENGZHENGBAOLIAN,DAOZHIJIEJIMAODUNRIYIJIHUA。ZHENDUIZHEIXIESHEHUIXIANXIANG,ZHANRUOSHUIYOUZAI《QISHANGXIAYIXINTONGJISHENGZHISHU》DENGWENZHANGZHONG,ZHONGSHENRUJIA“TIANXIAMINSHUSHIWEIBANGBEN”,“JUNWEIQING,SHEJIWEIZHONG;SHEJIWEIQING,MINWEIZHONG”DENGGUANDIAN。JUTISHUOLAI,JIUSHICAIQU“PINGWUJIA”“QINGFUSHUI”YIJIGULIMINJIANMAOYIDENGCUOSHI,ZHONGSHISHENGCHAN,BINGSHUNYINGSHANGPINJINGJIFAZHANDEQUSHI,GAISHANRENMINSHENGHUOTIAOJIAN。

五分赛车平台 YONGLESHIJIUNIAN(1421),MINGCHENGZUZHUDIJIANGSHOUDOUCONGNANJINGQIANWANGBEIPING,NANJINGZUOWEILIUDOU,YEBAOLIULEYITAOXINGZHENGTIXI。JIAJINGQINIAN(1528)ZHIJIAJINGSHIBANIAN(1539),ZHANRUOSHUIXIANHOUDANRENNANJINGLIBUSHILANG、LIBUSHILANG、LIBUSHANGSHU、LIBUSHANGSHU、BINGBUSHANGSHUDENGZHI。RENBINGBUSHANGSHUQIJIAN,NIANSHIYIGAODETARENGQINZIQIMAXUNCHENG,JIANYUESHUIBINGCAOLIAN。NANJINGZUOWEILIUCHAOGUDOU,DANGDICHIMIJIUSUSHENGXING,ZIDIYINWEIZHUIQIUSHECHISHENGHUODAOZHISUNJIABAIYEDEQINGKUANGSHIYOUFASHENG。DUICI,ZHANRUOSHUITICHU“MINGLIFA,YIDUCHIMI”“JINJIUJIE,YIBAOSHENJIA”DENGGUANDIAN,CONGFALVCENGMIANEZHISHEMIXINGWEI(《CHURENCANZANJIWUNANJINGBINGBUSHANGSHUGAOSHI》)。

ZAISHENGHUOSHANG,ZHANRUOSHUISHENTILIXINGJIANPOZHIDAO。ZAI《ZHIGUANSHEHOUXIAOPUZHONGSHUDAYIN》YISHIZHONG,TAMIAOSHULEZAIZIJIACAIYUANLIZAIZHONGSHUCAI、ZIJIZIZUDEQINGXING。TAYICAIYUANTUDIDEZONGHENGZHENGCHI,BIZUOZIJIDENEIXIN,“ZHOUZHENGWUXIEQI”。TONGSHI,TAHAIJIANGNONGSHISHIWEITIANXIATAIPINGDEGENJI,GULISHIDAFUYAODUOCONGSHILAODONG,QINSHENTIYANGENGZUODEJIANXIN;JUZHUYONGCANSHI,YAOXIANGDAOYIZHOUYIFANLAIZHIBUYI,BABAIXINGDEJIHANLIULIFANGZAIXINLI,BIMIANZAOTALIANGSHI。

ZAI《SONGTAISHOUZHUJUNZHIRENZHAOQINGXU》ZHONG,TAYOUJIEBAOZHENG“BUCHIYIYANGUI”DEDIANGU,ZHICHUGUANYUANQINGLIANDUISHEHUIMINSHENGDEZHONGYAOXING: “FUQING,DEZHIYUANYE,ZHENGZHIBENYE。”ZHANRUOSHUIRENWEI,GUANYUANZHIYOUBAOCHIZISHENDEQINGLIANFANGZHENG,FANGNENGCHULIHAOSIFA、CAIZHENG、JUNSHIDENGLINGYUDEZHILIWENTI,ZUODAOPINGXIMINZHENG,KUANYUMINSHENG,XIAOCHUMINHUAN。YOURENTICHUZHIYI,XIAOXIAOYIFANGYANTAIRUHEGUANHUZHENGZHIDESHI?ZHANRUOSHUIHUIDADAO: WEIYOUCONG“YIYANBUQU”ZHEIYANGDEXIAOSHIZUOQI,CAINENGSHOUZHUDIXIAN,DUIYUBUYIZHICAI,WULUNJIAZHIJIHE,DOUBUDONGSIHAOXIENIAN。

DANGSHI,NANJINGMINJIANCHAOBAI、MIXINFENGQIYESHIFENNONGZHONG,MEIFENGJIERIFENSHAOZHIQIAN、PUZHANGLANGFEIXIANXIANGSHIFENYANZHONG。ZHANRUOSHUILIJIECHIMIZHIFENG,HAOZHAOQINJIANJIEYUE,TARENWEIYUQIJIANGQIANCAIGUODUHAOFEIZAIJIDIANSHIZHEDEYISHISHANG,BURUGENGDUODITOURUDAOXIANSHISHENGHUODEXUQIUZHONG。DUIYUCHENGNEIJUZHONGSHAOXIANG、MIHUOBAIXINGDELIUGONGMIAODENGCHANGSUO,ZHANRUOSHUIBUJUZULI,CHAIHUISIMIAO,“CHENSHENXIANGYUJIANG,HUIYINCIERPOLANSI”(《GUANGZHOUFUZHI》),YOUZHIDINGLEXIANGGUANDESANGZANGFALING,RANGPINKUBAIXINGYEYOUGUIZANGZHIDI。

不计得失广设书院

WEIGUANZHIYU,ZHANRUOSHUIDEJIANGXUESHENGYAJIHUGUANCHUANQIYISHENG,“PINGSHENGDUZHIERLIQIN,WUCHUBUSHOUTU,WURIBUJIANGXUE,CONGYOUZHEDAIBIANTIANXIA”(MING•GUOTINGXUN《BENCHAOFENSHENGRENWUKAO》)。TUIXIUHOU,TAGENGSHIBENBOYUQUANGUOGEDIJIJIJIANGXUEZHUSHU,BINGXIANHOUZAIYANGZHOU、HENGSHANHEGUANGDONGDEXIQIAO、LUOFU、GUANGZHOU、ZENGCHENGDENGDIXIUJIANSHUYUANJINSISHISUO(CANJIANQUDAJUN《GUANGDONGXINYU》)。

五分赛车平台 ZAITADEYINGXIANGZHIXIA,ZHEIYISHIQIDELINGNANSHUYUANBUJINFAZHANSUDUJINGREN,SHUYUANSHULIANGYUEJUQUANGUODISAN,JINCIYUJIANGXI、ZHEJIANG,GENGPEIYANGLEBUSHAOMINGHUANXUEZHE,WEILINGNANDIQUMINJIANJIAOYUDEXINGSHENGDIANDINGLEJIANSHIJICHU。

五分赛车平台 ZHANRUOSHUIZHISUOYIRUCIREZHONGYUXINGJIANSHUYUANHECHUANDAOSHOUYE,YIFANGMIANSHIYINWEITAFEICHANGZHONGSHICHUANCHENGCHENXIANZHANGYIPAIDEZHIXUEJINGSHEN,“ZUJISUOZHI,BIJIANSHUYUANYISIBAISHA”,YICIBIAODADUIENSHIDEHUAINIANYUGANJIZHIQING;LINGYIFANGMIAN,ZEZAIYUTASHENGANMINGCHAOZHONGQIDEZHONGZHONGBIBING,GUIGENDAODIYUANYU“JIGANGBULI,SHANEWEIMING”,BIXUCONGGENYUANSHANGZHESHOU,YIJIAOYUWEILIGUOZHIBEN,CAINENGYIFENGYISU、ZHENXINGGUOYUN。

五分赛车平台 《GUANGDONGXINYU》CHENGZHANRUOSHUIGUANZHISHANGQING,YISHIYONGDUQUEHENPOSU。RANERZAIXINGBANXUEYUANSHI,TAQUEHAOBULINXI,JIANGXINFENGSHOURUYONGYUXIUJIANXUEXIAO、JIANZHI“XUETIAN”(GUDAIXUEXIAOSUOYONGYOUDETUDI,YIZUDIANJINONGMINGENGZHONGHUOQUDIZULAIGONGJISHUYUANYONGFEI),YIJIZHOUJIQIONGKUXUESHENG。ZAINANXIANGSHANXIUJIANLIANDONGSHUGUANSHI,TAGENGSHIBUJIDESHI,WEICIQINGJIN“YIERSHINIANFENGRU”YEZAISUOBUXI(《ZHANGANQUANWENJI》)。

ZHANRUOSHUIHAIWEITACHUANGLIDESHUYUANZHUANXIELEGUANLIGUIZE《DAKEXUNGUI》,ZHIDAOXUESHENGRUHEXUEXIHEGUANLIRICHANGSHENGHUO。TAGAOJIEXUESHENG,ZHIXUEXUXIANLIZHI。YIGERENZAIKAISHIXUEXIQIAN,SHOUXIANYAOMINGQUEQIUXUEDEZHIXIANGWEIHE,RUTONGXIUZHUFANGWUBIXIANGONGGUQIGENBENJICHU。

ZAONIANZAIJIANGMENQIUXUEQIJIAN,CHENXIANZHANGCENGJIAOYUZHANRUOSHUIFANGXIAGONGMINGSUNIAN,FANGNENGCHENQIANZHIXUE,YOUSUOJINGJIN。YINCI,ZHANRUOSHUITEBIETIXINGXUESHENG,YIGERENBUYAOBEIWUYUSUOMENGBI,QIEWUJIANGDUSHUJINJINDANGCHENG“JUYEZHIZI”,YICIMOUQUJUELULIYI,ERSHIYINGDANGJIANGDUSHUZUOWEIXUNQIU“YILI”DETUJING,RANHOURUTONG“JIANXIAOJINYIN”YIBAN,LIJINGQIANCHUIBAILIAN,CONGZHONGTILIANCHU“DAXIANZHIXIN”,JINERXUEYIZHIYONG。

五分赛车平台 TONGSHI,TAHAIDUNCUXUESHENGYAO“XILIMINGGUI”,NULIJINQU,KEQINFANGDUO。TAYAOQIUXUESHENGSUISHISUIDIDUIZISHENDEYIJUYIDONGBAOCHIFANSHENG,BUDUANTISHENGXUESHISHUIPINGHEDAODEXIUYANG(《QIAOYU》)。

五分赛车平台 JIAJINGSANSHIJIUNIAN(1560),ZHANRUOSHUIBINGSHIYUGUANGZHOUYUSHAN(JINGUANGZHOUYUEXIU),ZHONGNIAN95SUI,“CHENGNEIWAIBENKUZHEYIWANJI,HAINEIWAIZHUSHENGFUSANGDIE”(《GANQUANXIANSHENGWENJI》)。JIAJINGSISHIERNIAN(1563)GUIZANGYUTIANCANLING,SHUNIANHOUBEIZHUIZENGWEITAIZISHAOBAO,SHIHAO“WENJIAN”。

MINGDAIXUEZHELUOHONGXIANCENGPINGJIAZHANRUOSHUI“QISALUOSILIANXI(ZHOUDUNYI),QIWENYASIMINGDAO(CHENGHAO),QIQIPOSIYANGMING(WANGYANGMING),QIZIDESIBAISHA(CHENXIANZHANG)。”ZHANRUOSHUISHISHIZHITANQIU“TIANLI”DEXUEZHE,YESHIXINZHONGCHANGCUNRENMINDELIANLI。CHAOTANGZHISHANG,TALIJINZHIZE,DINGLIGUIZHI,YINDAOCHAOYEJIECHUSHIBI;SHUYUANZHIZHONG,TARUCHUNCANTUSIBANKUXINQUANXUE,XUNXUNSHANYOU,WEICHUANDAOSHOUYEJUGONGJINCUI。ZHANRUOSHUIWEIHOUSHILIUXIALEZHUDUOJINGSHENCAIFU,QIGAOFENGLIANGJIE、QINGLIANZIAIDEPINDE,ZHIDEMEIYIGERENSHENSIHUIWEI。

【评说湛若水】

增城有幸,于宋明两朝先后出现了两位青史留名的贤人,既是名臣也为硕儒。前一个是崔与之,后一个是湛若水。

在名臣与硕儒的“平衡”上,湛若水似乎更倾向于后者。在广东本土,他是白沙先生的衣钵传人,但修正和发展了老师的学说,形成了另一个被称为湛学的学派,所以《明儒学案》在“江门学案”之外另辟“甘泉学案”,《广东新语》紧随“白沙之学”另辟“甘泉之学”。放眼全国,湛若水则可与“心学圣人”王阳明齐名比肩。用黄宗羲的概括: “王、湛两家,各立宗旨,湛氏门人,虽不及王氏之盛,然当时学于湛者,或卒业于王,学于王者,或卒业于湛,亦犹朱、陆之门下,递相出入也。”

湛若水生活在明朝从全盛走向衰落的时期,作为朝臣,目睹朝政的腐败,对“天下民庶实为邦本”有更深切的认识。他说得很通俗: “人君全倚靠那百姓去护卫他才得安富尊荣。若非百姓,则城池谁与他守,社稷谁与他保?”借“治官舍后小圃种蔬”,湛若水阐发了他“不熟知时馑,举箸思氓疲”的民瘼意识,得出“始知农圃事,是为太平基”的结论。他这个历任南京吏、礼、兵三部尚书的高官能够关怀民生,诚非偶然。宏观政策方面,他提出“分田”“劝农”“平物价”“轻赋税”,力戒奢靡之风;日常生活中廉洁自爱,淡泊名利。屈大均说: “甘泉翁官至上卿,服食约素,推所有余以给家人弟子。”拜访学界的朋友,湛若水常常骑驴前往,时人因此发出感叹: “其在今日,则万万无舍车而骑者。”因为人们“必以失体诮之矣”,有待遇不享受,根本不像个当官人的做派。

“人民之心即上天之心。”秉承如此理念,湛若水焉能不眼睛向下,又焉能不令后世记怀?

五分赛车平台 ——CHAOBAI

(KANZAIYUNANFANGRIBAO2020NIAN7YUE17RIFUKANHAIFENGBANMIANHENANFANG+KEHUDUANPINGTAI)

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