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廉润南粤|卢纶: 敢于冒死“打虎”的刚直廉吏
发表时间: 2019-07-25 08:53:01       信息类型: 廉政文化

廉润南粤|卢纶: 敢于冒死“打虎”的刚直廉吏

MINGWUZONGZHENGDESANNIAN(1508NIAN)LIUYUEDEYITIAN,ZIJINCHENGZHONGFASHENGLEYIJIANBUXUNCHANGDEDASHI: ZHEIYITIANZAOCHAOJIESHUHOU,ZAIHUANGDICHUXINGSUOJINGDEYUDAOSHANGHURANMAOCHUYIFENGNIMINGXIN,NEIRONGWEIJIEFASILIJIANZHANGYINTAIJIANLIUJINDEDUOZONGZUIXING。

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ZAIBEIXIAYUDERENDANGZHONG,YOUYIWEIQUESHIFENGQINGQISHUANG、ANRANWUYANG,TAJIUSHIYUZHANRUOSHUI、TANGWENJINGBINGCHENGMINGDAIGUANGDONG“ZENGCHENGSANXIAN”,YIGANGZHIBUQUERZHUCHENGDELIANLILULUN。

卢纶画像(杨佳 作)

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出使安南参劾权宦

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卢纶幼年诵读图。(杨佳 作)

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五分赛车平台 DANGSHIDELIUJINQUANSHIXUNTIAN。JU《MINGSHI》JIZAI,FANNEIWAISUOJINZOUZHANG,DOUYAOXIANXIANGTACHENGBAO,CHENGWEI“HONGBEN”,JINGTASHENYUEZHIHOUCAICHENGJITONGZHENGSI,CHENGWEI“BAIBEN”。LIUJINLIYONGZHIQUANZHIBIAN,FENGKUANGLIANCAISHOUHUI,DASIMAIGUANYUJUE。YIXIEQINGQIUYANCHENGLIUJINDENG“BAHU”DENEIGEDACHEN,XIANHOUZAODAOBACHU,HUOBEIQIANGZHITUIXIU,HAIYOUXUDUODANHELIUJINDERENBEIPOHAIZHISI。ZAILIUJINDEZONGRONGHESHOUYIZHIXIA,YUANYUSIQI,YISHIJIANRENXINHUANGHUANG,HAOKUHANYUANZHISHENG,BIANMANDAOLU。

五分赛车平台 JIUZAILULUNSUOZAIDELIUKEJISHIZHONGXITONGLI,YOURENJUYULIUJINDEWEISHI,HUAICHUAIZHEDANHETADEZOUSHUFENRANZIYI,HAIYOURENYINWEINABUCHUHUILUTADEQIANCAI,HUOYINHAIPAZAIBANSHIGUOCHENGZHONGDEZUITAERXUANZEQINGSHENG。LULUNSHENGXINGFANGZHENGTANDANG,XIANGLAIBINGBIZHIJIAN,“YUSHIKANKANWUSUOBI”。TALVCISHANGSHUJUBAOLIUJINZUOJIANFANKEDEXINGJING,QUESHIZHONGMEIDEDAOPIFU。WEILEDANHELIUJIN,TASHENZHIZAIWUZONGMIANQIANKANGZHITINGZHENG,FUDIKENQINGBUQI,REDEWUZONGFANULIQU。BUJIUHOU,LULUNBEIDIAOCHUJINGCHENG,QIANWANGDATONGDENGDIHECHAJUNXIANGWENTI。

严查军饷减税赈灾

DATONGSHIMINGCHAOWEIDIYUDADARENRUQINSUOSHEDE“JIUBIANZHONGZHEN”ZHIYI,SHIGUANHUDAMINGWANGCHAOBEIJINGANWEIDEZHONGDI。LULUNZAIDATONGDENGDIQINGCHAJUNXIANGQIJIAN,JIUCHACHUDALIANGQINTUNDUZHUDEWEIFAXINGWEI,BINGYILVYIZHAOFALVBINGGONGCHABAN。LULUNPINGJIECHAANSHIDETIEMIANWUSI“SHENGZHENYISHI”,QUEYEYINLAICHAOZHONGQUANGUIDEJIDAN,BEIWAIFANGWEISICHUANCANYI。

五分赛车平台 CANYISHIMINGDAIGESHENGBUZHENGSHIDEXIASHUGUANYUAN。BUZHENGSHIZHANGGUANYISHENGDECAIZHENG、MINZHENGSHIWU,CANYIZEJUTIFENGUANLIANGCHU、TUNTIAN、JUNWU、YICHUAN、SHUILIDENGSHIYI。LULUNZOUMASHANGRENHOU,QIAFENGSICHUANFASHENGDAJIHUANG,ZAIQINGGAOJI,EPIAOBIANYE,YOURENBIANXIANGDANGDIXUNFU、XUNANQINGSHIKAICANGFANGLIANG,DEDAODEHUIFUQUESHIXIANJIANGZAIQINGSHANGBAOCHAOTING,HUODEPIZHUNHOUCAINENGZHIXING。QINGJIZHIXIA,LULUNBIAOSHI: “YANXIAYIDAOJIMINSHENGSIGUANTOU,RUOSHENBAOZAIQINGDEWENJIANZHANZHUANTUOYAN,QIBULINGTAMENXIANRUWUFAWANJIUDEJUEJINGLEMA?”(“MINDANXIQIESI,RUOANDUZHANZHUANYANHUAN,ZESUOZHIKUYUZHISIYI!”CANJIAN《GUANGDONGTONGZHI》)

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GUANYULULUNDECAIGAN,《GUANGZHOUFUZHI》《ZENGCHENGXIANZHI》DENGSHILIAOZHONG,HAIJIZAILEYIZEPOJUCHUANQISECAIDEZHANGGU。ZHENGDEJIUNIAN(1514NIAN),QIANQINGGONGTUFAHUOZAI,WEILEXIUSHANYINGJIANBEISHAOHUIDEGONGDIAN,CHAOTINGWEIPAITESHIRUSHUCAIBANMUCAI,YOULULUNFUZEPEIHE。LIANGRENZAISHANZHONGXUNDEHANJIANDEJUMU,DONGYONGLEYIWANDUOMINGGONGRENYONGWANCHEBANYUN。YUNSHUTUZHONG,MINLIGAOJIE,ERMUCAIJULISHUIYUNDEDIDIANHAIYOUSANBAILI。JIUZAIZHONGRENJIAOLVWANFENZHISHI,LULUNTONGGUOGUANCHATIANXIANG,TUICEBAOYUJIANGZHI,YUSHIBIANZUOLEXIANGGUANBUZHI。BUJIUZHIHOU,GUORANLEIYUDAZUO,JIANGSHUIBAOZHANG,GAOCHUPINGSHIZHANGXU。MUCAIJINGRANSHUNLIUERXIA,GUOLEJITIAN,XIAYOUCHUANLAIXIAOXI,MUCAIYIJINGPIAODAOYILING(JINHUBEIYICHANG)JINGNEILE。LULUNYEYINWEICISHI,SHOUDAOLEWUZONGJIAJIANGSHANGCI。

卢纶在蜀采办巨木。(杨佳 作)

平定流寇秉公执法

LULUNYINZAISICHUANCANYIRENSHANGZHENGJICHUZHONG,BEICHAOTINGTIBAWEISICHUANANCHAFUSHI。ZAITALVBINGZHUSHOUSICHUANKUIZHOU(JINZHONGQINGFENGJIE)YIDAISHI,DANGDILIUKOUZHONGDUO,ERFUZEWEICHIZHIANDEQIANHU(GUANMING)WENXIANQUEZAIANZHONGZHAOLANWANGMINGZHITU,YITUBUGUI。LULUNJINGGUOZHENMIBUSHU,ZHIHUIBUDUIZHUSHAWENXIAN,QINGJIAOZEIKOU,WEIHULEJINGNEIDESHEHUIZHIXUHERENMINSHENGHUOANNING。CIHOU,LULUNBEITIBAWEISICHUANANCHASHI。

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CIWAI,LULUNMEITIANZAOQIHOU,BIDINGCHUANDAIZHENGQIQUJIAMIAOJIBAI,HUILAIHOUJIUJIAOJIAZHONGZIZHIDUSHU。TAJIAODAOWANBEI,“DUDEYICHI,BURUXINGDEYICUN”,DUSHURENYAOZHIXINGHEYI,FUZHUXINGDONG,BUYAOYINWEILANDUOERFANGSONGLEXIUXING。YINWEITADEXIONGDIZAOSHI,LULUNBIANXIANGDUIDAIZIJIDEHAIZINEIYANGFUYANGZHUZHI,WEITAMENCAOCHIJIAQU,HAIBAZUCHUANDETIANZHAIFENJITAMEN。YOUYULULUNDEPINDEYIXIANGWEIXIANGLINSUOXINFUHEJINGZHONG,XUDUORENFANYOUSUSONGZHENGZHI,DOUYUANYILAIQINGLULUNCHUMIANZHUCHIGONGDAO(CANJIAN《ZENGCHENGXIANZHI》)。


卢纶为乡人主持公道。(杨佳 作)

HOULAI,LULUNZAIJIAXIANGSHISHI,XIANGNIANBASHIJIUSUI。WEILEJINIANLULUN,ZENGCHENGSHIMINJIANGQINARUXIANGXIANCIJISIZHILIE。JUSHUO,QIHOUDAIYEDUOWEICHIJIASHOUYEDEXIANNENGZHIREN。

LULUNDEYISHENGSUITANBUSHANGJINGTIANDONGDI,KEQUANKEDIANZHICHUQUEHENDUO。TABUJINZAIZHENZAIDENGWEIJIGUANTOUYONGYUDANDANG,HAIZAIDIFANGZHILISHANGPOYOUZUOWEI。TEBIELINGRENQIJINGDESHI,ZAILIUJIN、YANGTINGHEDESHIZHISHI,TALIANGDUBUJIGERENQIANTUHELIHAIDESHI,SHOUGONGCHIZHENG,YANGEYIFABANSHI,GANYUTONGTANFUSHILIHEBUFAXINGWEIZUODOUZHENG。TADEZHONGGENGJINZHIYINGDELENEIGEDACHENLIANGCHUDECHENGZAN,BEIYUWEISHI“EEYIDIZHUYE”(《ZENGCHENGXIANZHI》)。

《HANSHIWAICHUAN》YOUYUN: “YOUEEZHENGCHENZHE,QIGUOCHANG;YOUMOMOYUCHENZHE,QIGUOWANG。”LULUNDELIANZHENGPINXINGSHIRENHESHIDAIDOUXUYAOCHUANCHENGHEFAYANG,ERTADESHIJIHAIJIDAIJINYIBUDEWAJUEHEZHENGLI,YIGONGJINRENZHUISIXIANXIAN,JIESHENZISHENG。

【评说卢纶】

增城卢纶,与唐代诗人卢纶同名同姓,然正史中无传,其事迹见诸实录、方志等。作为廉吏,卢纶勇于任事,能胜任各种类型的工作,堪称干吏能员。他在大同打贪,“直声大震,人多忌之者。”在四川理政,则“一时被惠者,懽(同‘欢’)声载道”。监运修理皇宫的巨木,他会巧妙地利用河水暴涨之机,最终节省了人力、物力和时间。他在治军筹谋方面也有佳绩,通过方志中“俱勒兵诛之”“设法擒杀贼首黄雪梅,诸余党皆殄戮”等只言片语,可见其人风采。

五分赛车平台更多能看到的是卢纶“谔谔一砥柱也”的一面。正德年间,卢纶冒死具奏弹劾当时权势熏天的阉宦刘瑾,即使有忤旨之嫌,也未曾顾及个人的身家性命。嘉靖年间,卢纶为四川按察使,秉公办理当朝首辅杨廷和的家人犯法一案。前者使得其外放为官,远离朝廷数年;后者则导致了其在正要大展身手的壮年,提前退休。

《孟子•公孙丑下》有云: “得道者多助,失道者寡助。”只手遮天的刘瑾将卢纶赶出京师,看似一时得志,但是没过几年,就因同党告发,被朝廷以反逆之罪寸磔(凌迟)处死。这名中国历史上最臭名昭著的巨贪之一,最终落得个受人唾弃的下场。

与之形成鲜明对比的是,在宦游生涯里,卢纶“居庙堂之高则忧其民,处江湖之远则忧其君”,得享89岁高寿。虽然在正史中没有留下传记,但作为明代“增城三贤”之一,卢纶生前爱民廉洁的品行,早已深入当地人心,老百姓将他入祀乡贤祠,奉为千秋榜样,万古流芳。

——YUANZE

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