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廉润南粤|林则徐: 壁立千仞 无欲则刚
发表时间: 2019-08-22 09:27:34       信息类型: 廉政文化

廉润南粤|林则徐: 壁立千仞 无欲则刚

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虎门鸦片战争博物馆广场上的林则徐塑像。新华社记者 刘大伟 摄

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保民如子 清廉为重

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广州林则徐纪念园。南方日报记者 徐昊 摄

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广州林则徐纪念园内的林则徐雕像。南方日报记者 徐昊 摄

惩贪拒贿 以廉立威

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QIANLONGHUANGDISHIXING“YIKOUTONGSHANG”ZHENGCEHOU,GUANGZHOUBIANCHENGWEIQUANGUOWEIYIDEDUIWAIMAOYIKOUAN,YISHISANXINGWEIDAIBIAODEXINGSHANGPINGJIEZHENGFUTEXUDEDUIWAIMAOYILONGDUANQUANXUNSUJUEQI,ZAIGUANFUHEYANGSHANGDAJIAODAODEGUOCHENGZHONG,BANYANZHEZHIGUANZHONGYAODEQIAOLIANGJIAOSE。DANGSHI,LINZEXUCHUANXUNSHISANXINGXINGSHANG,ZELINGQIXIANGYANGSHANGZHUANJIAOYUTIE,MINGLINGWAIGUOYANFANZAISANRINEIJIANGCHUANSHANGSUOYOUYAPIANSHANGJIAO,BINGCHUJU“JUJIE”(DANBAOWENSHU),SHENGMINGYIHOU“YONGBUGANJIADAIYAPIAN,RUYOUDAILAI,YIJINGCHACHU,HUOJINMEIGUAN,RENJIZHENGFA。”(CANJIAN《LINZEXUJI·GONGDU》)《DONGGUANXIANZHI》ZHONGJIZAILEZHEIYANGYIDUANYISHI: SHISANXINGZHISHOUDEYIHEXINGXINGZHUWUSHAORONGBAOCHANGYAPIANZOUSIDEFENGHOUYOUSHUI,DANGJILALONGLINZEXU,BIAOSHI“YUANYIJIAZIBAOXIAO”。BULIAO,LINZEXUDUIZHEIZHUANG“JIAOYI”GENBENBUWEISUODONG,FENRANNUCHI: “BENDACHENBUYAOQIAN,YAONINAODAIER!”

广州林则徐纪念园内,林则徐硝烟的浮雕群像。南方日报记者 徐昊 摄

SHISHISHANG,SHENWEIQINCHADACHENDELINZEXUBINGFEI“BUCHAQIAN”。TAZAIJIASHUZHONG,CENGXIANGJIARENQINGSUGUOJINGJISHANGDEFANNAO,GUANGZHOUWEIFANHUAZHIDI,“KAIZHISHENJU,HENGLVRUBUFUCHU”。DANTASHIZHIQINGLIAN,“JUEBUGANYUFENGLUERWAI,WANGQUMINJIANHUOXIALIAOFENHAO”,JIANCHENG“WUSHOUZHIQIANJUEBUYAOYIWENYE。”

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清廉传家 慎守儒风

LINZEXUZHUDAODEHUMENXIAOYAN,YOULIDIDAJILERIYICHANGJUEDEYAPIANZOUSIMAOYI,WEIHULEZHONGHUAMINZUDEZUNYANHELIYI。RANER,YOUYUYINGFANGDEJUNSHIWEIXIEHECHAOZHONG“YIHE”PAIDEWUXIAN、ZHIZE,DAOGUANGHUANGDIBUDEBUJIANGLINZEXUGEZHICHABAN,LIUFANGDAOXINJIANGYILI。LINZEXUZAIHEJIARENGAOBIEZHIJI,JINGUANQIANTUSHENGSIWEIBU,QUERENGBUWANGYOUGUOYOUMIN,XIEXIALEMINGCHUIDANQINGDEAIGUOSHIJU——“GOULIGUOJIASHENGSIYI,QIYINHUOFUBIQUZHI”(《FUSHUDENGCHENGKOUZHANSHIJIAREN》)。

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广州林则徐纪念园内,林则徐“开眼看世界”半身像。南方日报记者 徐昊 摄

【评说林则徐】

提到林则徐,人们马上会想到“虎门销烟”。这是人类历史上旷古未有的壮举,展示了中华民族反对外来侵略的决心。实际上,林则徐不仅有其“民族英雄”的一面,而且有其廉洁奉公、勤政爱民的另一面。相传,在他被贬谪到新疆后,发动当地大规模修建坎儿井,于是,坎儿井这种自汉代已经出现的自流灌溉方式,被百姓亲切地称之为“林公渠”。

像历史上的有识之士一样,林则徐也十分看重清廉。他有个观点,叫做察吏“首以清廉为重”。判断一个人该不该提拔,先看他清廉与否。林则徐自己是做到了的。1839年他离京赴粤查禁鸦片,行前便知会广东有关方面,“此行并无随带官员供事书吏”,也“并无前站后站之人”,沿途“所有尖宿公馆,只用家常饭菜,不必备办整桌酒席,尤不得用燕窝烧烤,以节糜费”等。总之,一不准下属远迎,二不准摆酒席,三不准随行人员索贿受贿。他特别强调“此非客气,切勿故违”,自己“言出法随”。

某人专注于某事而成癖,往往易为人们津津乐道。如西晋王济善相马又“甚爱之”,有马癖;杜预痴迷研究《左传》,有《左传》癖;唐朝郭子仪厉行节约,有“陶侃癖”。然而,在众多癖好中,独有钱癖者为世所贬损,众口一词。再拿西晋王戎为例,他“积实聚钱,不知纪极”,经常“自执牙筹,昼夜算计,恒若不足”。因此,王戎虽跻身“竹林七贤”之一,但“性好兴利”而不免“获讥于世”。对官场中人而言,注重清廉才可能洁身自好,如明朝曹端所言: “廉则吏不敢欺。”反之,一旦东窗事发,势必身败名裂。

当年,林父教育林则徐“不妄与一事,不妄取一钱”,不难看到,林则徐继承了这种家风,在此基础上,他根据自己修养标准提炼出的“十无益”,更超越了林家家训,在社会价值观方面具有普遍意义。

五分赛车平台 ——CHAOBAI

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